Three Types of Anesthesia Used in Plastic Surgery
Anesthesia is medication administered by an anesthesiologist prior to surgery to control pain during surgery or a procedure. Board-certified plastic surgeon, Dr. Constantino Mendieta describes three types of anesthesia used depending on the procedure.
“People use various terms such as local anesthesia, awake anesthesia, general anesthesia. But the bottom line is this, if you are fully awake with no medication then you have just got local anesthesia in there,” explains Dr. Mendieta.
Local anesthesia is administered via injection to numb a particular area of the body and is commonly used for minor procedures. Regional anesthesia, also administered via injection, is used to numb a portion of the body that will be undergoing surgery.
The third type is general anesthesia administered via I.V. “We put an I.V. in you and give you a cocktail of medications that put you out completely. You really won’t feel or remember anything and wake up when the procedure is over,” explains Dr. Mendieta.
He notes that patients fear having anesthesia. This is where noninvasive technology comes in. “We could use local anesthesia for a noninvasive procedure with results that are a slight improvement, or general anesthesia for more aggressive body sculpting procedures. I don’t feel comfortable performing an aggressive procedure under local anesthesia.”
To learn more about anesthesia, check out this Anesthesia 101 blog post.